Ranges from a shrub to a small tree, most often in dry sandy open forests and savannas, rocky sites, sandy bluffs and shores; also on river banks, at borders of coniferous and deciduous forests, even bog borders.
Source: MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 25, 2019. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2424.
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