By X. Silas. Lesley University.

Yet people under thirty years of age may well identify themselves as users of alternative therapies when they buy Echinacea cheap pletal 100mg visa, or practice yoga, or participate in meditation as forms of self-care. Thus age is more likely an indicator of consumption of health care in general, and of the ability to pay for alternative therapy, than it is reflective of whether or not someone uses alternative therapies. Eighteen identified them- selves as Canadians of British or Celtic heritage; two were British; and one, while born in Poland, grew up in Holland and Kenya. Likewise, national survey research from the US reports that up to 82 percent of those who use alternative therapies are white (Eisenberg et al. However, this is not to imply that using alternative approaches to health and health care is restricted to whites. Furthermore, the relationship between use of alternative approaches to health and healing and ethnic background is greatly dependent on cultural context (Low 2001b). For instance, Asians who make use of Chinese herbal medicine may well define it as traditional rather than alternative and would thus be under-represented in surveys of alternative health care use. All but two of the participants in this research identified themselves as middle class or upper-middle class, and all had completed some form of post-secondary education. These demographic characteristics are consis- tent with the bulk of Canadian research (Blais 2000; Canada Health Monitor 1993; Northcott and Bachynsky 1993; Ramsay et al. However, Sharma (1990:128) argues that studies have found only slight variations in socio-economic status (SES) between users of alternative therapies and the general population, and in some cases “no differences at all. Therefore, the finding that those in higher SES ranges use alternative health care more frequently is more likely a reflection of their ability to pay rather than a lack of desire for alternative approaches to health and healing on the part of those in lower SES categories. The informants in this study came from a variety of religious back- grounds. Six identified themselves as Protestant and six as agnostic or as having no religion.

Are there any ideas that you might adapt to suit your area of expertise? Can you contribute information or advice that would be of use to other disciplines? Look at a range of articles buy cheap pletal 100 mg on-line, and not just those written specifically for your discipline. Browsing through the media Copies of the main newspapers and some magazines are available at your local library. Alternatively borrow from friends or read through a selection in the waiting room of your local dentist or GP. Reflecting Use your own clinical experience to identify who and what you want to write about. DEVELOPING AN IDEA 229 (The answers may lead to books and articles for use by colleagues or other disciplines. For example, the subject of asthma is a common and very topical subject. However, it may be approached in many different ways de­ pending on the author and the market. The following examples all con­ cern asthma, but each one differs in perspective and its target readership: ° an article in a monthly parents’ magazine by a reader giving a personal account of living with a child with asthma ° a newspaper story about new traffic measures to reduce car pollution in an area with a high incidence of childhood asthma ° a journal article describing a research project investigating the effect of motivational interviewing on changing the lifestyle habits of chronic asthma sufferers ° a guide for parents on helping their adolescent child cope with asthma ° an article by a school nurse in a journal for teachers giving information about managing the child with asthma in school ° a textbook for medical students on the diagnosis, treatment and management of asthma. Reviewing Have you ever found yourself making any of the following comments on something you have read? Find out from the commissioning editors the topics they are currently seeking. You have an idea, but before you go any further you need to know if your idea is a sound one. Make sure that you have got the necessary knowledge and skills to complete the project. The majority of writers will need to do some re­ search to help develop and expand their original concept, so there is no need for you to have all the answers at the beginning.

The bacteria less expensive and quicker than the method known as directed respond to these changes in a variety of ways to do with their sequencing cheap pletal 100 mg on line, where a genome was sequenced in a linear fash- structure and activity of genes. This plateau period is called the sta- human genome that have been expressed in Escherichia coli tionary phase. Here, the number of bacteria growing and by the use of BACs is now close to one million. In addition to dividing is equaled by the number of bacteria that are dying. The number of living bacteria declines sharply over With the realization of the sequence of the human time in what is called the death or decline phase. Indeed, BAC also exhibit these growth phases in different regions of a cloning kits are now available commercially for what is colony. For example, the bacteria buried in the oldest part of termed genomic profiling. Culturing of bacteria is possible such that fresh growth medium can be added at rate equal to the rate at which cul- BACTERIAL EPIDEMICS • see EPIDEMICS, BACTERIAL ture is removed. The rate at which the bacteria grow is 49 Bacterial growth and division WORLD OF MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY Freeze fracture electron micrograph showing dividing Streptococcus bacteria. The division plane between the daughter cells is evident in some bacteria. The obvious events of growth and division that are Bacteria can be tailored to grow relatively slow or fast and, apparent from measurement of the numbers of living bacteria if the set-up is carefully maintained, can be maintained for a are the manifestation of a number of molecular events. Such sources include simple normal helical configuration and replicates. Nitrogen is the genetic material migrate to either end of the bacterium. Sulphur and phosphorus are also needed for the man- cisely at the middle of the bacterium. Other elements, such as as a ring from the inner surface of the membrane. When the potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, cobalt and septum is complete, an inner wall has been formed, which zinc are necessary for the functioning of enzymes and other divides the parent bacterium into two so-called daughter bacte- processes.

However buy pletal 50mg lowest price, it must be remembered that he had by Sir Reginald WATSON-JONES then become well known nationally and interna- tionally for his contributions to the literature. The 1902–1972 success of the fracture course prompted his admirers to urge him to write a textbook on the Reginald Watson-Jones was born on March 4, treatment of fractures, and this led him to the first 1902. He died in London after a short illness on of his three great achievements. With his passing, the surgical My first encounter with Watson-Jones was as a world has lost one of its great leaders. My father was medical officer of The First World War was a tragic illustration of health for the County of Denbigh. Orthopedic the fact that injuries can eclipse other causes of clinics were held within the ambit of Gobowen at deformity. Before the war, Robert Jones himself, different centers, including Wrexham, my father’s in his work as surgeon to the Manchester Ship headquarters. I can remember vividly now, 45 Canal, had taken the practice of orthopedic years later, the compelling personality of R. After the war, he realized that industrial, I should later have become his registrar, and then domestic and road accidents would increasingly his assistant and successor at the Royal Infirmary. The great man had a was quick to realize the talent of the young Packard limousine, a chauffeur, a butler, a per- Watson-Jones, and persuaded the Liverpool sonal secretary and assistant; two radiographers Royal Infirmary to appoint him as an honorary and two physiotherapists. A working day started assistant surgeon in charge of a new orthopedic at 6. Robert at the nursing home at Number 1, Gambler Jones made an excuse of asking his protégé to Terrace; then a morning of patients at 88 Rodney make some researches into the literature in order Street; in the afternoon a hospital clinic or oper- to “repay” him by arranging a tour of continental ating session; back to Rodney Street for the paper orthopedic centers as a grooming and preparation work, and letters to doctors; and then home for a for the young man’s new responsibilities. The department at the Royal Infirmary was And so to the book, now irreverently and affec- soon, like all R.